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SHENMESHIMOJUJIAGONG?GELEIBIAOMIANDEJIAGONGFENXI

发布时间:2019-06-18 11:34:43

    各类表面的加工分析

  1)外形表面的加工

  各种模具零件的加工都从外形表面加工开始,并为成形表面和结构表面的后续加工奠定基础。在模具零件的毛坯设计和加工中,应使外形表面的加工余量适当,避免材料浪费和减少后续加工工作量。对于锻件和铸件毛坯,在毛坯加工阶段应进行必要的退火和时效热处理,以减小材料内应力和为后续加工做好金相组织准备。

  ZAIMOJULINGJIANDEWAIXINGBIAOMIANZHONG,YOUDEBIAOMIANSHIHOUXUJIAGONGDEHUAXIANMIANHEHUAXIAN、CHICUNJIAGONGDEJIZHUNMIAN,YOUDESHILINGJIANJIANXIANGLIANDEJIEHEMIAN、MOJUDEFENXINGMIAN、MOJUHEJICHUANGLIANJIEDEANZHUANGMIAN。DUIYUJIANGZUOWEIHUAXIANMIAN、JIZHUNMIAN、JIEHEMIAN、FENXINGMIAN、ANZHUANGMIANDEPINGMIANWAIXINGBIAOMIAN,BIAOMIANCUCAODURa≤0.8μm,QIYUPINGMIANWAIXINGBIAOMIANRa=6.3μmJIKE。PINGMIANWAIXINGBIAOMIANDEXINGWEIJINGDUYAOQIUYOUPINGMIANDEPINGMIANDUHEPINGMIANJIANDEPINGXINGDUHECHUIZHIDUYAOQIU。ZHEIXIEXINGWEIJINGDUYAOQIU,YOUDESHIZAIMOJUSHEJIZHONGYIJINGGUIDINGHEYAOQIUDE,YOUDESHIYOUYULINGJIANJIAGONGGONGYIDEXUYAO,BIXUZAIJIAGONGZHONGBAOZHENGDE。

  PINGMIANWAIXINGBIAOMIANDEJIAGONGKEYIZAINIUTOUBAOCHUANG、LIXIANCHUANG、LONGMENBAOCHUANGSHANGJINXINGBAOXUEHEXIANXUEJIAGONG,YIQUCHUMAOPISHANGDEDABUFENJIAGONGYULIANG。CONGSHENGCHANXIAOLVSHANGKAOLV,DAXINGPINGMIANDUOCAIYONGLONGMENBAOCHUANGBAOXUEJIAGONG;ZHONGXINGPINGMIANDUOCAIYONGNIUTOUBAOCHUANGBAOXUEJIAGONG;ZHONG、XIAOXINGPINGMIANDUOCAIYONGLIXIANCHUANGXIANXUEJIAGONG。TONGGUOSHANGSHUJIAGONGKEDEDAOPINGMIANWAIXINGBIAOMIANDEJIBENXINGZHUANGHECHICUN,DANSHIPINGMIANDEBIAOMIANBIJIAOCUCAO,PINGXINGDUHECHUIZHIDUDOUBIJIAODI,ZAITONGGUOHOUXUGONGXUDEPINGMIANMOXUELAIDADAOGUIDINGDECHICUNHEBIAOMIANCUCAODU、PINGXINGDU、CHUIZHIDUYAOQIU。DUIYUXIANGLINBIAOMIANDECHUIZHIDUYAOQIU,YIBANZAIPINGMIANMOCHUANGSHANGLIYONGZHUANYONGJIAJUDINGWEIJIAJINHOUMOXUE,YIBAOZHENGCHUIZHIDUYAOQIU,JINGDUJIANCHAKEYITONGGUOZHIJIAOCHILAICELIANG。DUIYUWAIXINGBIAOMIANWEIJUXINGHEFANGXINGDEFUZAXINGMIANDEXIANGKUAIHEPINKUAI,YIBANYINGJINXINGLIUGEPINGMIANDEPINGMIANMOXUE,BINGDADAOPINGXINGDUHECHUIZHIDUYAOQIU,YIBAOZHENGHOUXUHUAXIAN、JIAGONG、CELIANGDEXUYAO。

  DUIYUWAIYUANZHUTIHUOYUANZHUITIDEWAIXINGBIAOMIAN,ZAICHECHUANGSHANGJINXINGCHEXUEJIAGONG,YIBANTONGGUOYICIZHUANGKA,ZAICHEXUEWAIXUANZHUANBIAOMIANDETONGSHICHEXUEDUANMIAN,BINGKEYIZAIZHONGXINBUWEIJINXINGZUANKONG、JIAOKONG、TANGKONG,YIBAOZHENGGEXIANGGUANBIAOMIANDETONGZHOUDU、CHUIZHIDUDENGYAOQIU。DUIYUCHICUNHEZHILIANGJIAODADELINGJIAN,DUOCAIYONGZAILISHICHECHUANGSHANGJIAGONG,ZHEIYANGJIBIANYUZHAOZHENGHEZHUANGKA,YOUYIYUBAOZHENGJIAGONGJINGDU;DUIYUZHONG、XIAOXINGLINGJIANDUOCAIYONGPUTONGCHECHUANGJINXINGJIAGONG;DUIYUXIZHANGZHOULEILINGJIAN,YOUYUGANGDUJIAOCHA,YINGGAICAIQULIANGDUANZHUANGKAHEZHICHENGDEBANFALAIJINXINGCHEXUE;DUIYUMUXIANWEIQUXIANDEXUANZHUANTILINGJIAN,DUOCAIYONGSHUKONGCHECHUANGLAIJIAGONG,YONGXINGMIANYANGBANJINXINGJIANCHA。

pp体育  2)MOJUJIAGONGCHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEJIAGONG

  CHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEFENLEIFANGFAHENDUO,CONGMOJUZHIZAOGONGYIDEJIAODUKAOLVYOUYIXIAJIZHONGQINGKUANG:

pp体育  1、ANCHENGXINGBIAOMIANDESHITICAILIAO,FENWEIWAIXINGMIANHENEIXINGMIAN。

  2、DANGNEIXINGMIANWEITONGKONGSHI,CHENGWEIXINGKONG;DANGNEIXINGMIANWEIMANGKONGSHI,CHENGWEIXINGQIANG。

pp体育  3、ANXINGMIANDEJIEMIANJIHEXINGZHUANGTEZHENGBUTONG,YOUFENCHENGYUANXINGJIEMIANHEYIXINGJIEMIANQUMIAN。

pp体育  4、ANQUMIANDEKEBIANZUOBIAODIANSHULIANGBUTONG,YOUFENCHENGERWEIQUMIANPINGMIANQUMIAN、HESANWEIQUMIANLITIQUMIAN。

  DUIYUMOJUJIAGONGCHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEJIAGONGFANGFA,ANZHAOJIAGONGDEJILIBUTONG,KEYIFENCHENGSANDALEI:

  1、YIKAOJIXIELIQIEXUEJIAGONGDEJINSHUQIEXUEJIAGONGFANGFASHIZUIGULAO、YINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEJIAGONGFANGFA,YESHIMOJULINGJIANJIAGONGDEJIBENFANGFA。

pp体育  2、LIYONGDIANNENG、RENENG、GUANGNENG、HUAXUENENGZUODONGLIDETEZHONGJIAGONGFANGFA,SHIYIZHONGXINXINGDE、YOUJIDAFAZHANQIANTUDEJIAGONGFANGFA,TAZAIMOJULINGJIANJIAGONGZHONGSUOZHANDIWEIYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO。

pp体育  3、ZUIHOUSHICAIYONGJINGMIZHUZAO、JIYACHENGXING、CHAOSUCHENGXINGFANGFADEZHUANMENJIAGONG,TAZAIMOUZHONGTEDINGTIAOJIANXIAXIANSHILEDUTEDEYOUYUEXING。

pp体育  CHENGXINGBIAOMIANBUJINCHICUNJINGDUYAOQIUGAO,ERQIEBIAOMIANCUCAODUYAOQIUYEHENGAO。YINCI,CHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEJIAGONGYOUFENCHENGLIANGDABUZHOU:

pp体育  1、CHICUNJIAGONG,TONGGUOGEZHONGBUTONGDEFANGFADADAOSHEJITUYANGSUOYAOQIUDECHICUNJINGDUHEWEIZHIJINGDU。

pp体育  2、TONGGUOYANMOHEPAOGUANGDEGUANGZHENGJIAGONG,SHICHENGXINGBIAOMIANDADAOSHEJITUYANGSUOYAOQIUDEBIAOMIANCUCAODUHEXINGZHUANGJINGDU,ZHEIDUIYUCHENGXINGBIAOMIANYOUWEIZHONGYAO。

  3)结构表面的加工

  MOJULINGJIANDEJIEGOUBIAOMIAN,YOUYUTAMENDEZUOYONGBUTONG,YINCIXINGZHUANGYEDOUGEYI,DANSHIDUOSHUWEIJIANDANDEJIHEXINGZHUANG。CONGJIAGONGFANGFAKAN,CAIYONGYIBANDEJINSHUQIEXUEJIAGONGFANGFADOUNENGSHIXIAN。JIEGOUBIAOMIANZHONGCHUPINGMIAN、XIEMIAN、YUANZHUMIAN、YUANZHUIMIANYIWAI,HAIYOUBUTONGJIEMIANXINGZHUANGDETONGCAO、BANTONGCAO、BUTONGXINGZHUANGDETAIJIEKONG,ZHEIXIEDUOZAIGONGJUXIANCHUANGSHANGJINXINGJIAGONG。

  DUIYUDA、ZHONGXINGPINGBANLEILINGJIAN,ZHONGJIANBUWEIYOUJIAODATONGKONGSHI,HUAXIANHOUZAILIXIANCHUANGSHANGYONGLIXIANDAOXIANXUEJIAGONG,SIBIZHIJIANYIYUANHUXIANGLIAN,YUANHUCHICUNQUJUEYULIXIANDAOZHIJING。DANGZAICHACHUANGSHANGCHAXUEZHONGJIANJIAODADETONGKONGSHI,YINGSHIXIANZUOHAOYUKONG,CHAXUEHOUSIBIZHIJIANCHENGZHIJIAOLIANJIE。DUIYUTAIJIEXINGDEFANGKONGHEYIXINGKONGYIJIFANGXINGHEYIXINGMANGKONG,BIXUZAILIXIANCHUANGSHANGHUOGONGJUXIANCHUANGSHANGYONGLIXIANDAOXIANXUEJIAGONG,SHIXINGKONGGECHUIZHIPINGMIANYIYUANHUMIANXIANG。

pp体育  MOJUJIAGONG(Mold Making)SHIZHICHENGXINGHEZHIPIGONGJUDEJIAGONG,CIWAIHAIBAOKUOJIANQIEMOHEMOQIEMOJU。 TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,MOJUYOUSHANGMOHEXIAMOLIANGBUFENZUCHENG。JIANGGANGBANFANGZHIZAISHANGXIAMOZHIJIAN,ZAIYALIJIDEZUOYONGXIASHIXIANCAILIAODECHENGXING,DANGYALIJIDAKAISHI,JIUHUIHUODEYOUMOJUXINGZHUANGSUOQUEDINGDEGONGJIANHUOQUCHUXIANGYINGDEFEILIAO。 XIAOZHIDIANZILIANJIEQI,DAZHIQICHEYIBIAOPANDEGONGJIANDOUKEYIYONGMOJUCHENGXING。

  JIJINMOSHIZHINENGZIDONGDEBAJIAGONGGONGJIANCONGYIGEGONGWEIYIDONGDAOLINGYIGEGONGWEI,BINGZAIZUIHOUYIGEGONGWEIDEDAOCHENGXINGLINGJIANDEYITAOMOJU。

  MOJUJIAGONGGONGYIBAOKUO:CAIMO、CHONGPIMO、FUHEMO、JIYAMO、SIHUAGUIMO、JIJINMO、CHONGYAMO、MOQIEMOJUDENG。

  1、模具表面分类

  1)WAIXINGBIAOMIAN

  WAIXINGBIAOMIANSHIZHIGOUCHENGMOJULINGJIANJIBENWAIXINGTEZHENGDEBIAOMIAN。

  YIBAN,WAIXINGBIAOMIANSHIMOJULINGJIANDEWAIYANBIAOMIAN,ZHEIXIEWAIYANBIAOMIANDUOWEIYOUPINGMIANZUCHENGDEJUXINGTIHUOYOUYUANZHUMIAN、YUANZHUIMIANZUCHENGDEXUANZHUANTI,YOUSHIYEBAOHANERWEIQUMIANHESANWEIQUMIAN。

  2)成形表面

  CHENGXINGBIAOMIANSHIZHIZAIMOJUZHONGZHIJIEJUEDINGCHANPINLINGJIANXINGZHUANG、CHICUN、JINGDUDEBIAOMIANJIYUZHEIXIEBIAOMIANXIEDIAODEXIANGGUANBIAOMIAN。LIRUCHONGCAIMOZHONGDEAOMO、TUMOGONGZUOBIAOMIANJIYUGONGZUOBIAOMIANXIEDIAOXIANGGUANDEXIELIAOBAN、GUDINGBANDENGXINGKONGBIAOMIAN。TU7-3SUOSHIDEWANQUMOTUMODECHENGXINGBIAOMIANJIUSHIZHIYOUR4.8、R7.8、86°、33°DENGCHICUNGOUCHENGDEERWEIQUMIAN。

  YIBAN,CHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEXINGZHUANGBIJIAOFUZA、CHICUNJINGDUJIAOGAOHEBIAOMIANCUCAODUSHUZHIJIAOXIAO,ERQIEDUOYOURECHULIYAOQIU,GEXIANGGUANLINGJIANDECHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEYIZHIXINGHEXIEDIAOXINGDOUYOUBIJIAOYANGEDEYAOQIU。CHENGXINGBIAOMIANDEJIAGONGSHIMOJUGONGYIGONGZUODEZHONGDIANHENANDIANZHIYI。

  3)结构表面

pp体育  JIEGOUBIAOMIANSHIZHIZAIMOJUZHONGQIDINGWEI、DAOXIANG、DINGJU、XIANWEI、LIANJIE、QUDONGDENGZUOYONGDEBIAOMIAN。TU7-3SUOSHIDEWANQUMOTUMODELIANGGEDEYUANZHUXIAOKONGDENGBIAOMIANJIUSHUYUJIEGOUBIAOMIAN,TASHIHEMOBINGXIANGLIANDEDINGWEIHEGUDINGBIAOMIAN。

  JIEGOUBIAOMIANZAIMOJUZHONG,DUIYUBAOZHENGGEGELINGJIANJIANDEXIANGGUANCHICUNHEWEIZHIJINGDU,DUIYULIANJIEHEXIANGHUYUNDONGDEKEKAOXINGQIZHESHIFENZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。JIEGOUBIAOMIANDEXINGZHUANGSHIGEZHONGGEYANGDE,ERQIEBUTONGLINGJIANDECAILIAOJIRECHULIYAOQIUYEBUXIANGTONG。ZAIGONGYIANPAIZHONG,YAOGENJUGEGELINGJIANJIEGOUBIAOMIANDEZUOYONGJIYUQITAXIANGGUANLINGJIANDEGUANXIQUBIEDUIDAI。